The 14 Food Allergens

 If your child suffers from an allergy or intolerance to any of the 14 allergens listed below, or is allergic to any product eg plasters, wasp/bee stings, please contact the school office directly. If you have already made school aware of any problems, please confirm there is still an issue via email to: 

The Food Information Regulation came into force in December 2014 and requires food providers, including schools, to provide information about the 14 major allergens ingredients used in any food provided. These need to be identified when they are used as an ingredient in a food. Here are the allergens and some examples of where they are found.

What is a food allergy?

A food allergy is a rapid and potentially serious response to a food by your immune system. It can trigger classic allergy symptoms such as a rash, wheezing and itching.

The most common food allergies among adults are to fish and shellfish and nuts, including peanuts, walnuts, hazelnuts and Brazil nuts. Children often have allergies to milk and eggs as well as to peanuts, other nuts and fish.


What is an intolerance?

Food intolerances are more common than food allergies. The symptoms of food intolerance tend to appear more slowly, often many hours after eating the problem food. Typical symptoms include bloating and stomach cramps. It's possible to be intolerant of several different foods, which can make it difficult to identify which foods are causing the problem. 

Food intolerances can also be difficult to tell apart from other digestive disorders that produce similar symptoms, such as inflammatory bowel disease, gastrointestinal obstructions or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).


What can trigger an allergic reaction to food?

An allergic reaction can be produced by a tiny amount of a food ingredient that a person is sensitive to (for example a teaspoon of milk powder, a fragment of peanut or just one or two sesame seeds). Symptoms of an allergic reaction can range from mild symptoms, such as itching around the mouth and rashes, and can progress to more severe symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhoea, wheezing and, on occasion, anaphylaxis (shock). 


Is there a cure for food allergies?

There is no cure for food allergies. The only way to manage the condition is to avoid the foods that make you ill. This can be achieved by checking ingredients details on labels of pre-packed foods and being provided allergen information for non-prepacked foods which is why it is very important that food businesses provide clear and accurate information about allergenic ingredients in their products.